There are several different reasons why the Migratory Birds Programme is carried out in Ghana, and especially in the two areas Tono and Damongo. The area south of Sahel in West Africa is thought to be an important wintering habitat for many Danish breeding birds, and particularly the species that are declining. Compared with its neighbouring countries, Ghana has several advantages both on a practical level and with regards to nature:
- The country is well-functioning
- The population speaks English
- Ghana Wildlife Society (GWS) is a BirdLife International partner
- GWS has shown a great deal of interest in the project
Ghana is c. 5½ times bigger than Denmark and has a population of 24 million. It stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the south to Burkina Faso in the north, and the many different types of nature spans from great lagoons and dry plains on the coast to rain forests, huge wood savannas, and dry bush savannas up north.
In the first 6 months of 2008, BirdLife Denmark visited Ghana several times to figure out exactly where the project was to take place. During these visits, BirdLife Denmark completed counting at five different areas chosen in collaboration with GWS. The results form the basis of choosing the project’s focus localities
The figure below shows the number of European migratory birds on the five localities examined. Tono and Damongo do not only have the highest numbers, they also complement each other most excellently, so that a high level of biodiversity is ensured.